The NU savings programme is an incentive system for sustainable purchasing behaviour by consumers implemented in Roterdam (2000-2003). The logic behind the NU-Spaarpas is the desire to influence behavior by affecting the movement of goods, services and money rather than the systems of production of goods and services. It is based on a loyalty smartcard which enables customers to earn points through sustainable behavior and when buying consumer products at participating stores.

Concretely, card-holders who buy goods or services at one of the entiti...

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The goal of this taxation is to provide an economic disincentive to the use of disposable plastic bags, disposable kitchen utensils, food wrap and aluminium foil.

The “picnic tax” was established at national level by a program law published on 27 April 2007; a decree and circular by the finance minister clarified its implementation on 8 June 2007; and it took force on 1 July 2007 on a series of disposable products, in particular plastic carrier bags, plastic kitchen utensils and food wrap. An additional circular published on 6 July, excluded biodegradable bags from the scope of ...

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Since 1993, the IBGE legally requires regional public administrations to take into account a series of environmental and waste management considerations in their procurement decisions and office management. These requirements are consistent with those at national and European level.

The IBGE follows the implementation of the regional legal texts (circulars) by supervising and supporting the administrations concerned. It provides informative web pages, a help desk (via email), training sessions, technical guides, examples of specifications and awareness raising tools like posters and...

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