In Germany, Austria, and Switzerland different regulations have been put into place to ban the use of disposable food and drink containers at large scale events and to establish a framework for the use of reusable crockery.

Description of one-way ban in Munich: On public land, since 1991, a by-law of the city of Munich forbids the use and sale of disposable tableware, cups, but also drink packaging on land owned by the city.

This obligation applies to all city facilities and events, such as the Munich-based weekly mark...

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ACR+ - Association des Cités et Régions pour le Recyclage et la gestion durable des Ressources
Avenue d’Auderghem 63
1040 Bruxelles

L’Association des Cités et Régions pour le Recyclage et la gestion durable des Ressources (ACR+) est un réseau international de membres ayant pour but commun de promouvoir une utilisation des ressources et une gestion des déchets durables, par la prévention à la source, la réutilisation et le recyclage. Elle réunit aujourd’hui une centaine de membres, principalement de...

Within the European Union, a number of national initiatives aiming to reduce the use of plastic carrier bags to a minimum exist. They range from taxes on packaging and waste disposal (whose costs the producers usually pass on to the consumers), through fees for plastic carrier bags (going e.g. to a recycling fund), to voluntary labelling of plastic carrier bags and labelling of biodegradable bags. These measures are in some cases supported and promoted by media campaigns, e.g. for the use of reusable bags.

In Belgium, an eco-tax has been applied to disposable bags, kitchen utensils,...

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